Manmohan Singh Famous as: Economist, Prime Minister
Birth Date: 26th September, 1932 AD
- Manmohan Singh is an important Indian Economist and politician of India. He also served as the Prime Minister of India from 20014 to 2014.
- Manmohan Singh is the first Sikh in office and also the first Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five year term.
Despite the criticism, he is still regarded as the key architect of Usher India into a new economic mould.
Moreover, he held prominent posts in various organisations and also received several donors for his brilliant work even before beginning his political career.
Childhood & Early Life :-
He achieved his early education from the Hindu College, Amritsar, where he migrated with his family after the Partition of India.
In 1952, Manmohan Singh earned his bachelor’s degree in economics and master’s degree in the same subject in 1954.
Later, he attended the University of Cambridge as a student of St. Johns College, and completed his honors degree in 1957.
In 1962, he earned his D.Phil. in Economics from Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
From 1966-69, he worked for the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Later, from 1976 to 1980, he served as the Director of Reserve Bank of India.
He became the Advisor on Economic Affairs to the Prime Minister, following his return to India in 1990.
Then, in 1991, he became the Chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC).
Further in 1991, Prime Minister P.V. Narashima Rao appointed him as the Finance Minister of India, a post Singh held until 1996
In 2014 General Elections, he became the 14th Prime Minister of India.
Major Works :-
As the Finance Minister, Manmohan Singh was successful in implementing economics reforms whose major objectives were to enhance the productivity and liberalisation of the economy.
During Singh’s Prime Minister Tenure, National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) and the Right To Information Act were passed in 2005.
In 1987, he received the Padma Vibhushan, the 2nd highest Civilian award in the Republic of India.
Jawaharlal Nehru University awarded him a honorary professorship in 1976.
He was listed among the ‘ Top 100 Influential People in the World’ in Time Magazine, in 2005.
Later in 2014, The Government of Japan honoured him with the ‘ Grand Cordon of the Order of the Paulownia Flowers’.